What is retaliation under Massachusetts employment law

According to Massachusetts law, the word retaliation is defined as; an employer who takes and acts negatively against an employee as a result of the employee performing some form of protected activity. Retaliation is a separate allegation of discrimination, can be found in Massachusetts General Laws in Chapter 151B. The word retaliation is not actually used in the law, but courts most often use the word as an abbreviation for the word anti-discrimination statutes. Anti-retaliation laws provide for accountability to individuals, not just employers.

Under Massachusetts Law 151B, there are two different subsections that prohibit unlawful retaliation and they are §4 (4) and §4 (4A). Paragraph 4 (4); "to dismiss, exclude or otherwise discriminate against any person, employer organization, or employment agency for objecting to any practice prohibited in this chapter or for making a complaint, testifying, assisting in any the procedure under section five of MGL 151B §4 (4). "MGL 151B §4 (4A) states that; "for any person to coerce, intimidate, threaten or interfere with another person in the exercise or enjoyment of any right granted or protected by this chapter, or to coerce, intimidate, threaten or obstruct such other person for aiding or abetting any other person in exercising or the enjoyment of any such right. "

Section 8.30 of Mass Practice states that in order to establish a retaliation case, the plaintiff must show that he participated in lawfully protected behavior and suffered harmful work measures, and that there was a causal link between legally protected behavior and adverse employment. In order for one to succeed in claiming a relationship, they must show the following;

  1. The plaintiff must prove that he reasonably and in good faith believed that his employer was engaging in unfair discrimination.
  2. That he had reacted reasonably in response to this belief
  3. That the employer wanted revenge was his decisive factor in adverse actions.

For a plaintiff to prove the first case of their retaliation, they must show that they participated in an act protected under Chapter 151B, Section 4 (4), and those who oppose any practice prohibited in MGL c. 151B and those who file complaints or assist in any proceedings before the MCAD (Massachusetts Commission Against Discrimination) are known as "opposition" and "participation" clauses.

Applying the opposition clause and it can be shown to be ticklish as the employee must claim that retaliatory behavior was due to the employee's opposition to actions prohibited by MGL c. 151B.

The participation clause applies to the MCAD procedure and c.151B does not cover participation in internal discrimination investigations unless participation constitutes a protected opposition, such as aiding or abetting another employee in the pursuit of that employee. rights.

Massachusetts Emergency Threat Suspensions

GL c. 90, Sec. 22 (a) gives the Massachusetts Motor Vehicle Registry ample power to terminate a driver's license indefinitely for violating motor vehicle laws that pose an immediate threat to public safety. Impeachment under the law of imminent threat is determined not to constitute a punishment and, therefore, prosecution and impunity of imminent threat arising from the same incident, such as an action under the influence, do not double the threat to the United States Constitution or general, legal or constitutional of Massachusetts law.

These revoked unspecified licenses are usually initiated by a police officer who submits a report to the RMV explaining why allowing the driver to stay on the road is an immediate threat to public safety. Sometimes the issue is related to medicine, such as when a person undergoes surgery under the influence of prescription drugs. In other cases, the report is generated as a result of a dangerous or reckless driving testified or reported to a police officer. Immediate threat reports may include supporting criminal charges.

The legal standard for the irrevocable imminent threat of impeachment, which the Registry has had wide latitude in interpreting, is that a driver "committed a violation of a motor vehicle law that would instruct the Secretary to believe in the continued operation of such owner is and would be so gravely inappropriate as to represent an imminent a threat to public safety. "

The imminent threat statute requires the Registrar to determine that the licensee poses such a significant threat to public safety that the license should be summarized. In addition, the law requires the secretary to provide the operator with a notice specifying the time and place of the violation or incident that led to the immediate suspension of the threat.

Everyone who has their license or driving license revoked as an imminent threat is entitled to a hearing in the Motor Vehicle Register within 30 days of the revocation and the driver is entitled to be represented by a lawyer. Massachusetts Immediate threats of opposition are of indefinite nature, meaning that the recall will not cease unless and until the licensee demonstrates to the satisfaction of the Registry that the causes of past or present violations or concerns are put under control so that the driver no longer poses a threat to the motorcycle public. A Motor Vehicle Registry Attorney can help you do this and recover your license. RMV charges a $ 500.00 refund fee for immediate suspension of threats.

Massachusetts Salaries, Unique Aspects of Massachusetts Payroll Law and Practice

The Massachusetts State Agency that oversees the collection and reporting of income tax deductions from payroll checks is:

Department of Revenue

51 Sleeper St.

Boston, MA 02205

(617) 887-6367

(800) 392-6089 (in the country)


Massachusetts allows the use of Federal Form W-4 if the exemptions required are the same for state and federal. Otherwise, you must use the "M4 Massachusetts Employee's Withholding Exemption Exemption" for Massachusetts withholding tax.

Not all states allow wage reductions made under Section 125 or 401 (k) cafeteria plans to be treated in the same way as the IRS code allows. In Massachusetts, cafeteria plans are not taxable for income tax purposes; taxable for unemployment insurance purposes. 401 (k) delaying the plan is not taxed with income tax; taxable for unemployment purposes.

In Massachusetts, additional earnings must be pooled to calculate the state income tax deduction.

You must submit your Massachusetts W-2 to magnetic media if you are required to submit your federal W-2 to magnetic media.

The Massachusetts State Unemployment Insurance Agency is:

Employment Security Sector

Charles F. Hurley Bldg.

Staniford St. 19, 5. Fl. DET

Boston, MA 02114-2589

(617) 626-6855


Massachusetts payroll taxes are up to $ 14,000.00 in unemployment benefits.

Massachusetts requires magnetic quarterly payroll reporting if an employer has at least 250 employees that it reports in that quarter.

Unemployment records must be kept in Massachusetts for at least four years. This information mainly includes: name; social security number; dates of engagement, diversion and dismissal; salaries per period; pay deadlines and payment dates; the date and circumstances of the cancellation.

The Massachusetts State Agency in charge of implementing the law on state salaries and hours is:

Ministry of Labor and Industry

Department of Fair Work and Business Practices

200 Portland St.

Boston, MA 02114

(617) 727-3465


The minimum wage in Massachusetts is $ 6.75 an hour.

The Massachusetts general provision for overtime pay to an employer not covered by the FLSA is one and a half times the regular rate after a 40-hour week.

New requirements for employment reporting in Massachusetts are that every employer must report every new hire and reroute work, with contractors over $ 600. The employer must report the required federal elements:

  • Name of employee
  • date of lease or contract
  • Employee address
  • Employee social security number
  • Name of employer
  • Employers address
  • Federal Employer Identification Number (EIN)

This information must be reported within 14 days of being hired or re-hired.
The information may be sent as W4 or equivalent by post, fax or electronic means.
A fine of $ 25.00 for a late report and $ 500 for conspiracy in Massachusetts.

The new Massachusetts Employment Reporting Agency can be reached at 800-332-2733 or 617-626-4154 or at http://www.cse.state.ma.us/.

Massachusetts does not allow a mandatory direct deposit.

Massachusetts requires the following information on employee pay:

  • Gross and net earnings
  • Name of employer and employee.
  • payment date
  • the amount and nature of the deduction
  • increases
  • flat time and overtime
  • hours worked
  • detailed deductions

Massachusetts requires that an employee be paid two weeks or a week; semi-monthly or twice for FLSA-exempt employees or salaried employees (monthly if agreed).

Massachusetts requires that the delay period between the end of the payout period and the employee payout period not exceed six days if the workweek is 5 or 6 days; 7 days after the pay period if the work week is 7 days or less than 5 days.

The Massachusetts Wage Law requires that voluntary redundancies must be paid their final pay immediately, and voluntary redundant workers must be paid their final pay until their next regular paycheck (if they are absent, next Saturday) or by mail if requested by the employee .

The deceased employee's salaries of $ 100 must be paid to the surviving spouse, adult child or parent (in that order) 30 days after death and if there is no will.

Escheat laws in Massachusetts require unpaid salaries to be paid to the state after three years.

In addition, the Massachusetts employer is required to keep records of abandoned wages and surrender to the state for 5 years.

Massachusetts Payroll Law cannot be more than $ 4,125 as a credit supplement.

In Massachusetts, payroll laws that cover mandatory rest or meal breaks are just that all employees must have 30 minutes of rest after six hours of work.

Massachusetts statutes require that pay and hour records be kept for at least two years. These records will typically consist of the least data required under the FLSA.

The Massachusetts agency in charge of enforcing child support orders and laws is:

Massachusetts Department of Revenue

Child Support Division

51 Sleeper St.

PO Box 9492

Boston, MA 02205-9492

(800) 332-2733


Massachusetts has the following provisions on child support deductions:

  • When to Start Retention? Next pay more than 3 days after notification.
  • When to send a payment? Within 3 days of Payday.
  • When to submit a Termination Notice? Within 3 days of pay.
  • Maximum administrative fee? $ 1 upon payment.
  • Retention limits? Federal CCPA rules.

Please note that this article is not updated for changes that may occur from time to time.

Suspension of Massachusetts Enforcement by filing an appeal or request for preliminary termination

Massachusetts homeowners' efforts to halt foreclosure sales have gained valuable momentum from the Massachusetts attorney general's recent request that lenders and loan officers suspend foreclosures in light of recent disclosures of widespread misuse among financial institutions. The widespread publicity in the media regarding the misconduct of financial institutions offers ammunition for homeowners seeking to stop the sale of foreclosure by filing an appeal and a preliminary injunction in court.

Because Massachusetts is a “null and void” foreclosure, the foreclosure process proceeds extremely quickly (often, in just 90 days) and there is essentially no judicial review unless the homeowner files legal action in court to stop the foreclosure proceedings. This can be done by filing an appeal and a motion for a preliminary injunction. Massachusetts defense exclusion defense samples, including appeals and restraining order motions, are available for download.

The Attorney General's office announcements, along with the significant protections offered by the Massachusetts Consumer Law, provide powerful ammunition to stop the sale of foreclosure in Massachusetts. A Massachusetts homeowner trying to stop foreclosure sales can initiate a number of strong arguments and causes for action, including:

  • Fraud / Coercion as a result of misrepresentations made by the initial lender at the time of the loan to the homeowner;
  • The illegality of the base loan due to the extremely high costs that were rejected and / or hidden at the time of the loan;
  • Failure to provide loan servicer with notice of foreclosure required by Massachusetts law; i
  • Lack of standing ( ie , the financial institution does not have an initial note and / or cannot produce a complete task chain).

Appeals to stop enforcement and requests for preliminary injunctions should be filed with the Superior Court for the county in which the property is located.