Anne Bradstreet, "My Beloved and Beloved Husband," Discussion

"My Beloved and Beloved Husband" was written by the first American poet, Puritan, Anne Bradstreet. In fact, Anne Bradstreet is one of a handful of female American fists during the first 200 years of American history. After Bradstreet, only Phillis Wheatley, an 18th-century brunette poet, Emma Lazarus, a 19th-century poet whose famous words appear on the Statue of Liberty, and Emily Dickinson, America's most famous 19th-century poet, can be enumerated. .

"To My Beloved and Beloved Husband" has several standard poetic features. One is a two-line rhyme scheme. The second is the anaphor, the repetition of the phrase, in the first three lines. And the third is the popular iambic pentameter.

The iambic pentameter is characterized by an unnamed line with five meters or accents. Each foot contains a syllable that is not abandoned, and is accented, as in "da Breath, da Breath, da Breath, da Breath, da Breath."

The theme of Anne Bradstreet's love song is her love for her husband. She praises him and prays to heaven to reward him for his love. The poem is a poignant account of love and affection and strangely unusual for the Puritan era of the Massachusetts Bay colony where Anne Bradstreet lived.

Puritan women were expected to be reserved, domestic and submissive to their husbands. They were not expected or allowed to show their wit, charm, intelligence or passion. John Winthrop, the governor of Massachusetts, once noted that women who practice wit or intelligence were prone to go crazy.

Anne Bradstreet was born Anne Dudley in 1612 in England. She married Simon Bradstreet when she was 16 and both sailed with her family to America in 1630. The hard, cold trip to America lasted 3 months. John Winthrop was also a passenger on this trip. The voyage landed in Boston, and passengers joined the Massachusetts Bay colony.

The men in Anne Bradstreet's family were managers and politicians. Both her father and husband became governors of Massachusetts. Her husband Simon often traveled through the colony for weeks as an administrator.

Anne Bradstreet's song, "My Beloved and Beloved Husband," was a response to her husband's absence.

Very little is known about the life of Anne Bradstreet in Massachusetts. There are no portraits of her, and she doesn't even have a grave mark. She and her family moved several times, each time farther from Boston toward the border. Anne and Simon had 8 children over a 10-year period, and all children survived healthy and safe, an extraordinary achievement given the health and safety hazards during that period.

Anne Bradstreet was highly intelligent and mostly self-educated. She took herself seriously as an intellectual and poet, reading widely in history, science, art and literature. However, as a good Puritan woman, Bradstreet did not publish her achievements.

Bradstreet wrote poetry for herself, family and friends, never thinking of publishing them. Consider that her friend Anne Hutchinson was intellectual, educated, and led women's prayer meetings to discuss alternative religious beliefs. It was marked by a heretic and expelled from the colony. Hutchinson eventually died in the Native American assault. Is it any wonder that Anne Bradstreet hesitated to publish her poetry and draw attention to herself?

Anne Bradstreet secretly took her early songs to her son-in-law in England and published in small numbers when she was 38 years old. The volume was well sold in England, but the poems were not nearly as accomplished as her later works.

Bradstreet's later works were not published in her life. Her poems about her husband's love were private and personal, meaning that she only shared them with family and friends.

Although her health was often taken care of, especially during childbirth, Anne Bradstreet lived to the age of 60.

Enjoy "Dear and Beloved Husband" an extraordinary achievement.

To my dear and beloved husband

If ever two were one, then surely we do.

If ever a man was loved by a woman, then it would be him;

If ever a wife is happy in a man,

Compare women with me, if you can.

I reward your love more than the entire Gold Mines,

Or all the wealth that the East possesses.

My love is such that Rivers cannot be extinguished,

It is not necessary, except love from you, to reciprocate.

Your love is like that, in no way can I reciprocate,

Heaven rewards you with many things to please.

So while we live, let the lover persevere,

That when we no longer live, we can ever live.

January 2008. Mortgage License Update

There have been many changes in 2007, and we can expect more in 2008. Given that state legislators are also gathering current market conditions that affect their legislative decision-making power, we can expect numerous new laws relating to mortgage industry from every state. Especially if the US Congress decides to pass legislation requiring a minimum level of licensing in each state, which it is likely to adopt earlier this year.

The January updates are as follows:

o Update FHA licenses

o Massachusetts bond form posted

o Delayed E&O request in Colorado

o Alaska License until 7/8/08

o National mortgage licensing system published

Updating FHA licenses

With legislation recently passed by the US Parliament and the US Senate, many changes are expected to occur in 2008. The bill just passed was much more conservative than the bill on Parliament and did not include items such as a guarantee instead of an audit. finance, a dramatic increase in the FHA's loan limit, and risk-based pricing. However, it did involve some major changes to the HECM (Reverse Mortgage) loan that got many excited.

Now, two bills have been sent to the House and Senate committees to reach a compromise on differences in the bills. I would expect the Senate to hold its position and that the final bill looks very similar to a bill recently passed by the Senate, but there is still a chance that some provisions of the House bill will be passed. I expect the final bill will be sent to the President by February.

Massachusetts bond form posted

Massachusetts made some new requests for new licensees in September, one of which was a new bond request. Unfortunately, the state failed to make a new bond form available. All mortgage companies that have applied for a mortgage broker license from that date are pending. Massachusetts has finally issued a new bond form, but insurance companies have not yet approved it for issuance. A number of companies are waiting for this last item to be licensed and hope that insurance companies will start issuing guarantees on a new form soon.

The E&O delay in Colorado has been delayed

Colorado has recently issued a new application for all individual mortgage brokers (loan holders) licensed in the state to maintain E&O policies. The insurance companies that started issuing them in early December, however, one of the questions on the claim was "what percentage of the loans originated in the previous 12 months? Anyone who said more than 20% was denied or told they would have to pay thousands for the policy.

Because of this issue, Colorado issued an emergency solution that allowed individuals until 1/31/08 to obtain the required insurance, as well as increased the maximum deductible to make the bond more economical. Colorado is known for emergency rulings because the state legislature does not give enough time to the Colorado real estate department to implement the new legislation.

Alaska License until 7/7/2008

This is just a reminder to those of you who are currently making loans in Alaska. Many people can originate years without a license, however, new licensing requirements will take effect July 1, 2008. Make sure you get your applications soon if you plan to continue doing business there after the first year.

National Mortgage Licensing System (NMLS) Released

Just one last reminder for those licensed in the top 7 countries to use the system. You will need to access the system as soon as possible to update your business information. Here is a list of the first 7 states that the system will use:

about Idaho

about Iowa

about Rhode Island

o New York

about Kentucky

o Massachusetts

o Nebraska

4 good reasons for a roofing contractor to cover their home in winter

If you live in a part of the country, like Massachusetts, with harsh winters, you may be wondering why anyone would consider replacing the roof in winter. Well, it's not as uncommon as you might think. Many roofing contractors offer year-round services, even in cold and snowy places like Massachusetts, where I am from. Massachusetts roof homes are no different for a roofing contractor during the winter than they do any other time of the year, with a few exceptions, and some roofers and crews even say they prefer it. First let’s move on to what makes it difficult for the roof to be used this time of year and the arguments against installing a new roof.

It's too cold outside to replace the roof.

This argument simply does not take care. It may be cold now, but who cares? Your roof doesn't care. The crew installing your roof doesn't care. Don't worry about the guys doing the installation. If the cold weather bothered them so much, they wouldn't be up there installing your new roof, they would be doing the job indoors. I know a lot of guys who prefer a roof over cold weather just because it's cold. Try to cover the black roof in the middle of summer. Lots of fun, I tell you. In summer, if it's 90 degrees on the ground, it feels like it's 110 degrees up on that roof (and sometimes it is).

There is too much snow on my roof for me to replace right now.

This is my friend, why God created snow shovels. It's really no big deal to throw snow off the roof. It usually takes half an hour to an hour to remove the snow, and most roofers do not even charge for it until they are there to replace the roof, not just snow shoveling (a service provided by many roof companies in the Northeast). Does the crew have to be careful while doing so to avoid falling? Of course. However, the crew needs to be careful when it comes to house roofs, this is nothing new. These guys are professionals and safety should always come first, and it always comes first with a responsible roofing company.

Okay, I just gave you 2 reasons why many people think that roofs should not be done in the winter and why they are not good at all. Let me give you the top 4 reasons you should consider replacing a roof at this time of year.

1.) Ice dams that cause leaks.

Massachusetts winter weather tests your home and roof differently than at any other time of the year. The most common cause of a roof leak during winter is a terrible ice dam. An ice dam builds up over the eaves of the house from the accumulated snow that melts and falls down the roof just to freshen up at the very edge of the roof line. Here in Massachusetts, as well as other areas of cold climates, roofing contractors use a product called the "ice and water barrier" along with proper flickering techniques along the edge of the liquid to prevent ice dams from damaging your home and causing leaks. This technique, if performed properly, provides additional protection at least 3 meters upwards from all edges of the roof. Many older roofs do not have an "ice and water barrier" installed. If your roof is leaking due to ice dams, this could be a great time to redecorate the roof properly and ensure that the ice dams will no longer bother you and your home.

2.) Winter conditions generally exacerbate a bad roof.

If you had a bad roof before the winter hit, it would only be in worse shape when spring came. There are many factors that can affect your roof in cold weather. I already talked about ice dams, but there are more. During winter, as the temperature varies, the sequins appear to expand and shrink, causing them to twist and crack on older sequins. Now let's say some of your old roof shingles curl up a bit, and then you get nice wet, heavy snow and the weight of the snow causes some of these twisted shingles to crack. You now have a potential new roof leak. Also, when that moist, heavy snow freezes, it will probably cause even more damage to your old roof shingles. The thawing and thawing that happens during the winter is not only bad for old shingles. Old roofs hate cold winters.

3.) Faster service on your new roof installation.

The simple fact is that Massachusetts roofing contractors, and roofers in general, are not so busy during the winter. What this means for a homeowner who needs a new roof is that the roofing contractor will be able to install their new roof within days of signing the contract, unlike weeks of waiting or even sometimes months if you endure until spring, summer and fall. For many homeowners, this reason should be sufficient to get your roof out in the winter.

4.) Save money by taking advantage of the slow time of year for roofing.

Who doesn't want to save as much money as possible, especially when it comes to a costly home improvement project such as roofing. For the same reasons that during the winter you may receive a faster installation service on a new roof from a roofing supplier, you are likely to get a better price than you would in the warmer months. Most professional roof installers will give you the same guarantee of work for a roof installed in winter as a roof installed at any other time of the year. The shingle manufacturer provides the material guarantee and will be the same no matter what season the roof is installed. Roofing contractors want to retain employees and will give you a better price just to avoid firing employees during the winter downturn.

So what are you waiting for? If you have a home with an older roof that needs replacing, get in touch with a local roofing contractor and find out for yourself why a Massachusetts home roof or home in any other area is a perfectly viable option in the winter and often a purchase!

The rise and fall of Napster

With one single program written in 1999, an 18-year-old computer science student at Northeastern University named Shawn Fanning will unwittingly transform forever how people use the internet. The name of his program was Napster. Named after the teenage nickname for its diaper hair, Napster was a free download program that could transform individual computers into servers that share MP3 music files over the Internet. Instead of a central server where all the music files were stored, Napster instead worked as a medium. Users could log into Napster, search for an artist or song title, and then continue downloading directly from another logged-in user’s hard drive. In just over a year after its initial launch, Napster soon became one of the most notorious and hated sites in internet history. At its peak, Napster garnered a total of about 60 million users worldwide (Collins, 2002). Little did Fanning realize that his child would soon become as ubiquitous on the internet as email and instant messaging. Not even Fanning realized the ensuing legal storm his creature would eventually create. Finally, what began as a simple program written for his friends to share music soon caught the attention of not only young people around the world, but also the fury of the audio industry.

The story of Napster begins just south of Boston, in Brockton, Massachusetts. 17-year-old Colleen Fanning was a high school student there in 1980. One night, her older brother staged a party celebrating her high school graduation and hired a local band called "MacBeth" to play at a party. It was a great success: about 3,000 people did mobbing. Colleen's younger brother John went around the hat and raised money to pay the band, and by the end of the night, he'd caught a few thousand, his first entrepreneurial experience. That same night, Fannings say, Colleen hooked up with one of the musicians and wounded himself pregnant. With the support of his father, Colleen kept the baby and named him Shawn. However, he was the father of Shawn's biological father who was the son of one of the richest families in Massachusetts. Colleen eventually married a former Marine who was driving a delivery truck to a local bakery. His name was Raymond Verrier. The couple had four other children, and Colleen took care of them while her husband worked. "Money has always been a pretty big deal," Shawn said in a 2000 Business Week article. He added: "There was a lot of tension about this" (Ante, 2000).

Shawn grew up near public housing projects in Brockton. At the time, Verrier could see her already shy son withdrawing from the inner chaos that surrounded him constantly. "He got into himself really deep and said, 'I want to get out of this. & # 39; Although it meant losing him a little bit, that's what I wanted for him, "said Verrier, then employed as a nurse's assistant. As Shawn grew older, Verrier turned to his business-oriented brother John to help guide her son. an incentive to learn, for every "A" brought from school by his uncle John Fanning gave him money, and he also bought his nephew an Apple Macintosh computer that Verrier could never have the money for (Menn, 2003). Fanning continued to deteriorate, however, and his parents' relationship finally culminated when his mother and stepfather separated. is here to offer support to his young nephew Shawn worked as an intern at at his Uncle John's online company NetGames in the nearby town of Hull in the summer. o quite adept at programming from fellow interns studying computer science at Carnegie Mellon University. Yet despite John becoming interested in his nephew, Shawn was unwilling to accept his uncle's work ethic. Shawn had difficulty completing tasks and instead often focused on playing video games. "I was just programming, so I spent a lot of time just doing projects and hanging out," Shawn said (Ante, 2000). However, it was at this time that Shawn learned of what would soon make him infamous, MP3 digital music files (Menn, 2003).

Shortly after graduating from Harwich High School in 1998, Shawn enrolled at nearby Northeastern University. What would eventually become Napster was created in the freshman room, Fanning's roommate at Northeastern University. After hearing complaints from his roommate who found nothing but a dead link for MP3 music files with conventional search engines like Lycos and Yahoo !, Shawn looked for an easier alternative. His idea was simple. He wanted to combine the usual ease of use of the Internet with file transfer technology similar to Internet Relay Chat (IRC) networks. Shawn knew there had to be a way to combine the breadth of search engines like Google with "presence awareness" systems like instant messaging, who know who is logged in at any time (Menn, 2003). This is combined with the ability for individual users to choose which files will be shared with others while connected to the Napster network. These innovative elements of the Napster program and network have finally eliminated the problems associated with dead connections. In addition, all users store music on their own computers, electronic tubes would not become clogged if the new system only connected a couple of people and then switched their own connection to them (Menn, 2003). Finally, a feature was added to these elements that allowed Napster's online users to talk to each other in real time.

Shawn quit northeast in January 1999 to devote full time to perfecting his invention. According to former colleague Tarek Loubani, he rarely saw anyone so focused. "I don't think people can appreciate how hard he worked," Loubani said (Menn, 2003). He only vaguely remembers that stage in mid-1999, unable to recall the exact months, weeks or days. Among those only memories he has left of that time is on his Dell laptop, writing the code and sniffing on his uncle John's sofa or floor. Fearing that the software company would introduce a similar product before it, he obsessively wrote the entire Napster source code at 60 hours (Greenfeld, 2000). In May 1999, Shawn's Uncle John incorporated the company into Napster. John Fanning would retain a 70% stake in the corporation, while nephew Shawn would retain only a 30% stake in the corporation. The excuse offered by Uncle John was that Shawn desperately needed an experienced businessman like him to handle the nuances of running a company. (Menn, 2003).

Word spread quickly around campus at Northeastern University as soon as their former classmate Shawn prepared the Napster beta program, which was ready for testing on June 1, 1999. Soon, hundreds of students completed the music trade. This new revolutionary file sharing service has quickly become the voice between online literate frequent message boards and chat rooms. The Napster network grew and developed rapidly. Faced with the prospect of unprecedented popularity in such a short space of time, Fannings set out to raise capital for additional bandwidth and servers. The company moved from Hull, Massachusetts, to San Mateo, California, to a more spacious location and employed additional workers. The additional capital investment in Napster arrived just in time. Napster became so popular that some college campuses experienced clogged servers from the amount that students use only Napster. Schools like Pennsylvania State University in 1999 declared a moratorium on using Napster on campus computers and Internet connections in an attempt to alleviate the problem. Napster's troubles were just beginning.

The infamy eventually caught the attention of the American Sound Industry Association (RIAA). The RIAA filed a lawsuit against Napster on December 7, 1999, alleging copyright infringement. Furthermore, the RIAA claimed $ 10,000 in damages for each individual song on the Napster network. The unprecedented lawsuit has garnered a lot of media attention and further fueled Napster's popularity, especially with students. Escalating groups of young people descended on Napster to make music changes, and the community soon encouraged millions of members worldwide. At any given time during this period, there would be millions of users online, trading hundreds of thousands of songs.

Later, in the spring of 2000, heavy metal band Metallica learned that the unreleased studio release of their song "I Disappear" had leaked and was traded on Napster. The result was that the single was heard on numerous radio stations across America. Metallica was determined to discover how the song had become so widespread. The obvious culprit was Napster. A copyright lawsuit was filed on April 13, 2000. After hiring consulting firm PDNet, Metallica soon discovered that over one weekend in April 2000, over 335,000 individual Napster users traded music online. On May 3, 2000, Napster was presented with 60,000 pages of usernames that allegedly traded copyrighted Metallica song copyrights across the Napster network. Metallica demanded that Napster ban 335,000 users from trading their copyrights, and Napster agreed. Napster lawyer Laurence Pulgram said: "Napster has taken extraordinary steps to fulfill Metallica's requests to block hundreds of thousands of its fans from using the Napster system." He further added: "Napster has always stated that it will act in response to the copyright owner's notices and has fulfilled that obligation in good faith." (Dansby and Uhelszki, 2000).

Napster received a fatal legal blow on May 5, 2000. U.S. District Court Judge Marilyn Hall Patel ruled Napster was not entitled to a "safe harbor" under the Digital Millennium Copyright Act of 1992. Napster's original defense of the RIAA suit was that it was included in section 1008. This section explicitly states in the Act:

"Nothing under this heading may be brought against an alleged copyright infringement (1) based on the production, import or distribution of a digital audio recorder, digital audio recorder, analogue recorder or analogue recording medium, or (2) which is based on the non-commercial use of such device or medium for the production of digital music recordings or analogue music recordings. "

The court found that Napster users were involved in widespread copyright infringement. Furthermore, the judgment also stated that Napster "contributes and is rightly responsible for its actions." The exemption from section 1008 of the AHRA is not applicable here, because the Act provides immunity only from non-commercial copying and not from public distribution. The Napster network consisted of over 20 million people. Therefore, every time a user logs on to the network and shares hard drive content, he distributes copyrighted material to the masses. Section 1008 of the AHRA deals with the reproduction and not the distribution of copyrighted material. Therefore, according to the court, Napster users were infringing the copyright infringement and Napster was alleging copyright infringement. Judge Patel granted the RIAA's request for a preliminary injunction, and the venue was ordered to close on July 26, 2000.

Meanwhile, Napster appealed the judgment on October 2, 2000. Napster's appeal was lost on February 12, 2001. Napster's $ 1 billion bid to settle out of court with the audio industry was soon rejected. On March 5, 2001, the Ninth Circuit Court ordered Napster to discontinue trade in copyrighted material on its network. Because of this, Napster started using filters in its browser. The Napster system has completely blocked any artist or song title that is protected by copyright from user searches. Popular artists and song titles no longer appear in search results. As a consequence, smart Napster users bypassed the filters by deliberately misspelling the artist or song title on their hard drives. Napster users could still download copyrighted music. As a consequence, Napster completely shut down the entire network in July 2001 to comply fully with the court order. On September 24, 2001, Napster reconciled with copyright owners with $ 26 million in illegal use of music and $ 10 million in advance to cover upcoming licensing agreements. On May 17, 2002, Napster announced an agreement with the German company Bertelsmann AG. The agreement will allow Napster's subscriber form to develop and present the music catalog of Bertelsmann AG, in return for the German company to drop its lawsuit against Napster. However, on June 3, 2001, Napster filed for bankruptcy under Chapter 11. The sale to Bertelsmann AG was blocked and Napster was forced to confiscate the remaining assets.

The current legal embodiment of Napster is a subscription-based payment service. Roxio auctioned Napster's property in 2002. According to Wikipedia (2005), members who can temporarily rent songs will be charged a monthly fee of $ 9.95, with the option of paying an additional $ 0.80 to $ 0.90 to download the songs permanently. While the new Napster has only a fraction of the old Napster's popularity, others have filled a void in the world of peer-to-peer file sharing. Popular services like Kazaa, Limewire and Morpheus use technology that Shawn Fanning has made notorious. However, where the original Napster had a central server, these services rely on direct connection with other network users. They are inherently more difficult to regulate copyright infringement and are similarly nearly impossible to stop.

The Masachussetts differ from the federal FMLA

The Federal FMLA provides American workers with free rest in certain medical or family situations. Like other states, Maryland adds its provisions to the FMLA. Under state law, Massachusetts provides rights to employees who need to take the time to birth or adopt a child, as well as other reasons directly related to their health or that of a family member.

Massachusetts state family leave laws guarantee eight-week maternity leave for all women who work full-time and keep private-sector employees free from work for other family responsibilities.

All Massachusetts full-time employees can take at least eight weeks of unpaid maternity leave as long as they have completed probation and worked with their employers for three consecutive months. This law regulates both public and private employers. If the employer pays benefits for other types of temporary disability, it must also pay benefits to women on maternity leave.

Leave is granted for pregnancy, miscarriage, miscarriage, childbirth and recovery. Unpaid leave is granted for the adoption of a child under the age of 18 or for the adoption of a mentally or physically disabled person under the age of 23. he was taken away.

Leave it for certain family responsibilities

The Law on Absence of Low Needs states that private sector employees must be approved 24 hours unpaid over any 12 month period for the following reasons:

  • Participate in school activities that are directly related to his or her child's education. They are defined in the federal Family Holiday Act.
  • For medical or dental appointments for your child.
  • For medical, dental or routine appointments of senior relatives.

Employers may require employees to take paid leave for these purposes, or the employee may choose to use paid rather than unpaid leave. 24 hours of rest can be used occasionally.

Employees must give up 7 days' notice of vacation, if possible. If the absence is unpredictable, the worker must give notice as soon as warranted. Employers can request an employee confirmation of absence.

Veterans & # 39; Leave it

In Massachusetts, veterans have the right to miss work to participate in the services of Veterans Day or Community Memorial Day. Leave can be granted with or without payment. However, employees who are considered crucial to public health or safety or responsible for the safety of their employer are exempt from counsel & # 39; leave the statute.

Victims of crime leave

Employees who are victims of a crime and must appear in court cannot be punished by their employer for absenteeism. The employee must give advance notice of the planned leave.

What You Need to Know About the Cost of Drunk (Working Under the Influence) Driving In Massachusetts

As much as we drank a drink at a bar, at a friend's house or at a work event and thought I had only a few, so it's okay to drive home. For some it is an expensive decision and they are accused of operating under the influence (OUI).

What you should know about OUI allegations is that if an experienced attorney is hired early, it can make a difference in the world. In the OUI case, the Attorney General has to prove a few things beyond a reasonable doubt, we call these parts elements of the crime. In the case of OUI, the elements of the offense are: 1.) the accused; 2.) operated the motor vehicle;

We will take these elements of OUI one by one. It may sound outrageous, but it must be proven beyond a reasonable doubt that they have the right person before the court. This is simple enough to prove, but requires some kind of identification or circumstantial evidence; the testimony of a police officer or the testimony of a civilian who was at the scene of the alleged crime will usually be sufficient.

Second, in order to prove the OUI, the plaintiff must prove beyond a reasonable doubt that you operated the motor vehicle. Re-proving this element is usually not that difficult, but a trained experienced lawyer may be able to use this area to your advantage. The specific facts of your case will be decisive for the defense's sustainability on this issue.

Third, in order to prove OUI, the prosecutor must prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the operation of the vehicle occurred in a public manner. Again, this may seem like an easy matter to prove, but for an inexperienced prosecutor this element may be overlooked, which allows an experienced OUI lawyer to secure a directed verdict or not guilty. Simply put, the prosecutor must prove that the operation took place in an area that is generally public for vehicle management.

Lastly, the Attorney General must prove that your ability is impaired or that your blood alcohol content is above the a.08 level. If the individual facts of the case allow, the prosecutor can proceed with both theories.

Starting with the latter, whether you have a blood alcohol level of 0.08 will be proven by a blood test or more often by a breath test. However, if you refused to take any type of examination, this theory of prosecution will not be available, and with the fact that the refusal was unacceptable at the Massachusetts trial. It is important to have an experienced OUI defense attorney, especially a former prosecutor, as they are well aware of potential issues that may prohibit the use of this evidence at trial or how to invalidate it if they come to trial.

By proving the first theory of whether you have impaired your ability to drive a specified motor vehicle, many factors will ultimately play a role in the outcome. They often include, but are not limited to, observations of driving behavior (disturbed driving), observations of you at the time of the alleged offense (blurry speech, ability to stand, blood in glass eyes, ability to understand), whether tests have been performed field sobriety and what where the results are (usually standing on one leg or walking and turning in nine steps). It is important to remember that refusals of field sobriety tests cannot be used as evidence against you. An experienced drunk driving lawyer is well versed in the manual on how these off-road sobriety is conducted and can often punch holes in the testimony of a chief clerk at trial.

Of final consideration is whether this is a subsequent OUI, Massachusetts allows a life-long backward look, so if you were ever found guilty or continued without seeking an OUI in any state in your life, you could be charged with the appropriate following offenses and increased penalties , below I have listed potential penalties. In practice, this means that the prosecutor must have a second trial if you are found guilty of OUI at the first trial, this is what is called a bifurcated trial. The prosecutor in this second trial must prove beyond a reasonable doubt that in fact you have already been convicted of a previous drunken crime. Evidence of the following is often done by checking court documents, live testimonials, and the motor vehicle data register. Again, this element is hyper technical and requires an experienced lawyer to fight it.


1st OUI outfit

Imprisonment for a felony: Not two years before Executive imprisonment Penalty: $ 500 to $ 5,000

Suspension of license: 1 year, permit for difficulty considered for 3 months for work or school and general difficulty for 6 months

Alternative disposition of first offense:

Conditional probation with mandatory participation in a 24d drug offender education program

The license is suspended for 45 to 90 days, and the difficulty is usually available after completion of the 24d program entry.

2nd OUI outfit

Imprisonment for a felony: Not less than 60 days, not more than two years Penalty: $ 600 to $ 10,000

License Suspension: 2 years work / school difficulties are considered 1 year, general difficulties 18 months

The requirement for a hardship license is to install an ignition interlock device for at least 2 years.

Alternate scheduling of part two:

Trial with a 14-day treatment program paid by the offender.

Eligible for first instance if he or she has had only one prior offense older than 10 years


Imprisonment: Not less than 180 days, not more than 5 years State prison

It can be used in treatment programs in correctional facilities

Fine: $ 1,000 to $ 15,000

Suspension of license: 8 years, difficulties in work / education considered for 2 years, general difficulties for 4 years

The condition of any difficulty permit is the installation of an ignition interlock device for at least the period of difficulty.


Imprisonment: No less than two years (minimum 1 year mandatory), not more than 5 years

Penalty: $ 1,500 to $ 25,000

Suspension of license: 10 years, difficulties in work / education considered for 5 years, general difficulties for 8 years

The condition of any difficulty permit is the installation of an ignition interlock device for at least the period of difficulty.

Fifth OUI

Imprisonment in the House for the commission of criminal offenses: Not less than two ½ years (minimum mandatory 24 months), not more than 5 years (criminal offense)

Fine: $ 2.00 to $ 50,000

License Suspension: Lifetime, No Difficulty


First work $ 500.00

Second offense $ 700.00

Third work $ 1,200.00

Why people should not fear the Drug Rehabilitation Center

Whenever people think of drug rehab centers in Massachusetts, they feel scared. However, these centers are only there to help them. People have various ideas about drug rehab centers in Massachusetts. However, they are full of experts and efficient people who know how to handle substance abuse, alcohol addiction and other types of addiction. Before you can bring someone to Massachusetts drug rehab centers, you must first identify the problem. If you see that someone is always irritated and the withdrawal symptom is very clear, then that person needs some treatment. Once you bring that person to rehab, experts will tell you what type of treatment can help that person get out of addiction.

There are some real good treatments for alcoholism and substance abuse. Sometimes it can take a long time, and sometimes just a few weeks can be enough. In Massachusetts, you can find all the world-class treatment facilities at rehab centers. You just have to have faith in the experts. A person trapped in addiction may find it very difficult, but it must be understood that it is for their own good. If you are going through a detox, then you must have full faith in the treatment, otherwise you will not reap the benefits.

Life can seem a little more difficult without addiction. However, experts at Massachusetts drug rehab centers will realize that you have the opportunity to start your life anew. Not everyone can get a second chance at life. When given the opportunity, you must take it to the fullest to enjoy life again. Life has its ups and downs, and at Massachusetts drug rehab centers you will start to learn a lot more about it.

What is the best way to look for a workers compensation lawyer?

Looking for the right Workers & # 39; A remuneration lawyer that will suit you well takes time. You should look for a person who is physically injured, especially workers & # 39; cases of compensation. If you are injured at work, the first thing you should do is report the accident to your employer and then start looking for a lawyer.

After reporting the accident, your doctor should see if he or she is in the hospital or doctor's office. You should tell your doctor that you have been injured at work so that it is documented. Your doctor may set up a treatment plan, depending on the extent of your injury.

Successful search for workers & # 39; Compensation lawyer:

The following guideline should help you find the right workers & # 39; Massachusetts Compensation Attorney:

1. Begin by calling the Masachusetts Bar Association's toll-free number and asking for a lawyer who specializes in workers; Fee in your area.

2. Next, you should monitor the search for names provided online to determine if they focus their practice on workers & # 39; compensation. If you are not satisfied with the results, you can try your own online search.

After reviewing the lawyer & # 39; the area of ​​expertise provided by your internet search, the next question you might consider is whether to hire a lawyer from a small or large firm?

3. There are advantages and disadvantages of hiring a small or large law firm. It is a personal choice or preference as to what size the firm would feel more comfortable with. Many reviews state that it is more advantageous to hire a lawyer from a small business because they may have more time available for your case. You could also consider recommending your family, friends, or coworkers, though you should confirm that the law practice is specialized for workers. compensation.

4. It will take some time to browse through the various lawyer websites. You should also consider looking beyond the first page of your online search. It is very expensive to be listed on the first page which means that most of the names will be from very large law firms given that they have a large advertising budget. It is more than likely that your case will be forwarded to one of the less experienced attorneys to handle.

Therefore, considering a company on page two or three can get you more individualized attention and more experience.

5. The final step would be to set up a free consultation, either by phone or in person, to see if it suits you and your case. You will then have sufficient information to make an informed decision.

Investing time to find the right Massachusetts workers compensation lawyer will be valuable in the long run and may change the outcome in your case.

Indecent exposure

Indecent exposure in Massachusetts

Public indecency laws have existed for as long as crime and punishment are part of society. There are laws around the world that regulate and punish self-exposure of an inappropriate part of the body in an inappropriate environment. In the United States, indecent exposure consists of exposing any genital or other "private part" (such as the breast or butt) in a public setting.

What is considered in Massachusetts to be indecent exposure?

Although indecency laws and regulations are generally consistent across the country, penalties may vary from state to state. Massachusetts has a vaguely defined exposure and can be applied to a variety of situations. These include:

· Deliberately displaying your genitals or private parts in public

· Urinating in public

· Going public without clothes

· Engaging in sexual behavior in a public setting. This may include sexual intercourse, oral sex, or any sexual activity involving exposure of the genitals or private parts

While these are not the only types of activities that may qualify as indecent exposure, some are the most commonly reported. Considering the opinion of the general public, you can avoid ever finding a situation that police officers could ever consider to be rude.

What is the penalty for indecent exposure?

In Massachusetts, penalties are provided for public indecency. These include:

· Six months in prison

Fine up to $ 200

· A combination of the two

However, the above penalties usually only apply to those charged with their first offense of indecent exposure. If you have previously committed public indecency, your sentence is likely to be tougher. Also, if you committed publicly or indecently in front of a child or a minor, your crime can be considered a sex crime against a minor. This comes with much more serious and possible lifelong consequences, depending on the action that took place.

For more information

Knowing that the law implies, not only can you better prevent yourself from ever getting into a situation that could be considered rude to the public, but you will also be better able to defend your rights if you are charged with a crime. For more information on Massachusetts sex crime law and public indecency laws, or to find out more about your legal rights, visit the website of Massachusetts sex crimes attorney James Powderly today.

Melania's Law Explained

Many Massachusetts drivers are fundamentally confused by the penalties imposed by Melanie's Law, a fiercely drunk driving law designed to improve public safety.

On October 28, 2005, the Melania Drive Act was amended by Massachusetts law. This law significantly increased penalties and sanctions for drunken driving violations and fan refusal. Also, the law mandated an immediate suspension after refusing a chemical breath test and revoking 15 days of provisional permits previously issued to offenders who refused an inhaler. Since the passage of Melania's law, the number of people arrested and charged with operating a motor vehicle under the influence of liquor (OUI) has steadily increased. According to data from the Massachusetts Motor Vehicle Registry (RMV), in the year before the passing of Melanie's Law, 13,335 people were arrested and charged with OUI. Between October 28, 2005 and October 28, 2006, the first year after Melania's law came into force, the number of arrests increased to 14,068; in the second year, that number increased again to 15,591. According to the latest RMV statistics, in the third year since Melania's law came into force, there have been 16,199 people arrested and charged with OUI in Massachusetts.

One of the goals of Melania's law was to convince people to take an inhaler, by imposing harsh suspensions of fan refuse licenses. Suspensions of Breath Tools rejections range from 6 months to a lifetime. With these long suspensions, many think twice before rejecting the inhaler.

Another component of Melania's law requires the installation of a breath-locking device on repeat offender vehicles. Drivers who have 2 or more DUI charges in their records must only operate those vehicles fitted with locking devices for the duration of any difficulty and for two (2) years after full licenses have been returned.

Melanie's Law has created the following new crimes: Use or allow an unlicensed operator to operate a motor vehicle, allowing an individual with an ignition interlock limitation to operate a vehicle that is not equipped with the device, removing the device or lacking inspection of the device, maintained or monitored on at least two occasions, at least two attempting to start a vehicle with a blood alcohol level greater than .02, driving without an ignition interlock device when prescribed, touching the ignition interlock device, supplying a sample air to start another's vehicle, DUI while driving on a suspended license for drunk driving and a DUI with a child under 14 or younger in the car.

Melanie's law also increased the waiting time to apply for a felony license for another offense. Now, in most cases, you have to wait a year to get a second-offense license violation. It also increased the duration of the revocation of homicide licenses in cars from 10 to 15 years.

Given the complexity of Melania's law, fighting a qualified lawyer for you is crucial. You should hire an attorney who knows the laws on licensing drivers and drunk drivers in Massachusetts inside and out.