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Massachusetts Regional Emergency Shipping Service Regionalization

Regionalizing emergency services is a hot topic in many Massachusetts counties. Grants are awarded, committees are formed and studies are conducted. Why all the time and effort, if you simply look back at the rest of the country, seems like a worthwhile trend?
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In fact, Massachusetts is the only state that has generally not regionalized its dispatch services. It has taken years, investment, and dedication to get the job done.
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Case in point: Oregon State has worked for 16 years regionalizing the dispatch of its state police departments, but it was worth it. There are now two command centers that act as the primary point of contact for all state police needs across the state – instead of 26 taxpayers & # 39; the money is saved, the economy is being weighed down, and the updated technologies are being enjoyed nationwide.
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These are new topics from around the country – taxpayer savings, efficient shipment processes, more reliable high-tech technologies. According to Thomas Dubas, who runs the dispatch center in Lackawanna County, Pa., And was hired to advise on the proposal for regionalization, “The level of expertise, the level of training and the level of service that a regional center can provide is just so much more responsible for communities,” he said. So why didn’t Massachusetts follow that?
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Not that ideas were not presented. In the last three years, Essex, Plymouth and Worcester counties have made proposals for regionalization of ambulance services .
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And with any Massachusetts proposal, there was disagreement. Those opposed to combining services, possible layoffs, lack of attendance at night facilities to greet visitors, and varying degrees of dispatchers’ familiarity with the venues included as the main reasons for the veto.
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It is not that they do not see the financial and procedural benefits of such a project, but those who oppose do not want to rush into something without looking at it from every angle.
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The reason for the regionalization of the emergency dispatch service should not be solely in finance. Obviously the human element has a job doing the dispatching staff. A great deal of the work that dispatchers do now is getting through and supervising late-night activities. If cities combined shipping efforts, those high-touch elements would be eliminated.
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However, it is difficult to ignore the hundreds of thousands of taxpayer dollars that could be saved, especially at a time when agencies are expected to work less with more, and budget cuts are forcing each department to watch more carefully than ever before.
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And when you get down to it right now, almost every other country already combines emergency management – and successfully. If nothing else, then there are plenty of case studies that will show us a way to regionalize emergency dispatch for our own success.
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But Libra has faced severe regulatory backlash. President Donald Trump has said Facebook may be required to apply for a bank license to issue it, while some US lawmakers have been planning the company’s digital currency plans. Central bankers have also spilled cold water on the idea, with Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell saying the project should be stopped until regulators’ concerns are addressed.
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The Elliptic boss said that while Facebook is “catching fire”, many other companies are exploring asset-backed virtual currencies. “It’s out of the box,” he said. “People are now thinking about it and what is the right way to do it.” Even central bankers are floating the idea, with Bank of England Governor Mark Carney proposing a digital reserve currency and China’s central bank claiming it is close to releasing its own virtual tokens.

Moving forward, Elliptic is opening offices in Singapore and Japan as part of a push to the Asian market. Japan is an example of a country showing more breakthroughs in the industry than others, Smith said, with “major banks” examining ways to provide cryptocurrency services to their customers. The company said revenue in Asia has increased tenfold in the last 12 months alone.

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How Massachusetts General Law 93A Affects Internet Businesses

Massachusetts General Act 93A, called the Consumer Protection Practice Regulation, is designed to protect those consumers who are otherwise unaware of their legal rights. Mass. Gen. Act 93A . As originally created, 93A did not create a private lawsuit, an issue that was quickly resolved by the Legislature, and now consumers and businesses can use 93A as a basis for exercising their rights through a private lawsuit.
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Unlike some other states, the Massachusetts Consumer Statute provides for an explicit, not implied, right to sue companies they believe have been the victims of fraudulent or fraudulent acts. Consumer protection is often easy to spot with standard companies, such as: bait & switch advertising, defect detection, pricing, faulty warranty requirements, and adverse return / refund policies.
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It becomes much more difficult to determine when a consumer law requirement based on mass law 93A exists when a business is only involved in e-commerce, and especially when that business is not located in the state.
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When evaluating a potential consumer protection claim, it is important to keep in mind that the necessary elements differ for the business and for the consumer. The consumer must follow certain procedural and substantive requirements set out in section 9 of the Act.
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Among other elements, Section 9 requires a 30-day claim letter showing that they are in fact a consumer, unfair or deceptive practice and showing harm.
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Businesses, especially Internet businesses, differ substantially in their required elements. Section 11 sets out the requirements for a 93A business request and requires that a business issue:

  1. That they are “business” – (involved in the conduct of any trade or trade);
  2. That the defendant participated in an “unfair competition method” or that the defendants’ actions were “unfair” or “deceptive;”
  3. That these actions took place primarily and mainly within Massachusetts (the burden is on the defendant to rebut this presumption as a defense); i
  4. That these actions resulted in the business plaintiff’s loss of money or property, real or personal, for the purpose of causing damages for the money; or
  5. That these actions “may result in such loss of money or property.”

Mass. Gen. Act 93A
Due to the openness of the internet and the anonymity involved, it can be extremely difficult to show that a particular method was unfair or deceptive.
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It is more difficult, especially in the context of an online business, to show that a particular act results in damage or loss. As online transactions vary in amount and as the market continues to expand, it can be extremely difficult to portray actual loss, or even the potential for loss.
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As each element must be present before the petition is filed, the cautious representative will investigate the facts of the case before initiating petition 93A. Without properly placed elements, most judges will dismiss the case at the earliest opportunity.

In addition, Internet businesses present unique jurisdictional issues that may confuse the use of 93A for consumer protection purposes. For there to be any hope that 93A will apply to an online business, a “dishonest or deceptive act” must occur primarily or significantly within the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. When neither the deceptive / dishonest act nor the harm is caused in MA, the consumer protection claim will be barred under 93A, even if the victim is a resident or place of business of Massachusetts. In the recent case of Massachusetts Superior Court of Fillmore v. Leasecomm Corp. , a judge dismissed a consumer protection claim filed by a Massachusetts company against a California company because allegedly deceptive sales tactics and unfair contracts were used in California. Fillmore v. Leasecomm Corp. , 18 Mass. L. Rptr. 560, 2004 WL 3091642 (Mass. Super. Ct. Nov. 15, 2004). In Fillmore , plaintiffs’ submissions failed at the center of gravity; test applied for jurisdictional purposes, so the claim was denied. When deciding whether or not to file a Massachusetts consumer protection claim, it is best to first look at the act, damages, and jurisdiction. The more that happened in Massachusetts jurisdiction, the more likely it was that the claim could continue. However, Massachusetts courts are considered favored Massachusetts companies when all the elements, including jurisdictions, are met.
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If the contract were to be performed in Massachusetts and the damage occurred in Massachusetts, then the competent element would be fulfilled and the court would look to the applicant, as did the Massachusetts Court of Appeals at Auto Shine Car Wash Sys. v. Nice Nice Car Wash, Inc. At Auto Shine, parties often met in Massachusetts, and misrepresentation originated in Massachusetts. The court ruled in favor of the plaintiff for double damages because there was a deliberate and willful violation of the mass of General Law ch. 93A 58 Mass. The application. Ct. 685 (Mass Appeals, Ct. 2003).

Filing a consumer protection claim represents a significantly increased level of evidence and jurisdiction when your client is a business entity. Keep an eye out for the consequences and potential wasted time you can use when applying without completing each element. Just because Massachusetts provides an explicit right for businesses to file claims does not mean that judges will be willing to ignore even the smallest discrepancies in demanding claims.

Christmas tree shop

Christmas tree shops are a chain or shops where various trees can be found as well as detailed information on various decorative items. This began in 1970 in Yarmouthport, Massachusetts, USA. It has since expanded to more locations in the United States. Now the retail chains are located in thirteen US states and have become a multi-million dollar corporation.

These tree shops are really affordable stores and huge discounts are being offered at these outlets during the festive season. From household furniture to toys to Christmas decoration From these outlets, all items, all kinds of festival items, are sold. You can get your favorite tree from these stores at the best price. No matter where you reside in the US, you will definitely get one such store in a nearby town.

Tree Store Features:

A variety of beautiful and elegant looking artificial trees are available on the market. There is a growing trend that people are opting for artificial trees. Some people prefer these artificial trees because they do not make a mess in the house like a natural tree does. Today, different types of stylish and personalized artificial trees are coming to market. These are all available in these stores.

Even some people still prefer natural trees instead of artificial ones. Broad natural trees are available in these stores. Some of these stores sell fresh trees and many other festive items such as ornaments, lights and other decorative items.

Miscellaneous Stores:

There are numerous stores in different US states. Below we bring you a list of several popular stores in Massachusetts and New York.

Massachusetts Christmas Tree Shops

1. Avon

Through I party

15 Stockwell Drive

Avon, MA 02322

(508) 586-6438

2 Falmouth

Falmouth Plaza

Route 28Davish StraitFalmouth,

MA 02540 (508) 548-1414

3. Lynnfield

Next to The Ship Restaurant

28-34 Broadway

Route 1 SouthLynnfield,

MA 01940 (781) 598-0004

4. Shrewsbury

Shrewsbury Village1000 Boston TurnpikeShrewsbury,

MA 01545

(508) 842-5945

Christmas tree stores in New York

5. Albany

Colonie Center

Unit 242

1425 Central AvenueAlbany, NY 12205 (518) 459-0878

6 Deer park

Open the tanger on the arches

1150 Arches CircleDeer Park, NY 11729 (631) 586-1648

7. Johnson City

Via Toys R Us

420 Harry L. Drive

Johnson City, NY 13790

(607) 798-0468

8. Syracuse

Northern Lights Shopping Center

132 Northern Lights Shopping Center

Syracuse, NY 13212 (315) 454-9223

Burden of proof in voluntarily leaving the case

If an employee voluntarily leaves their job and wants to receive unemployment benefits from the Unemployment Assistance Department (DUA), they must be a burden of proof to the Unemployment Assistance Department to show that their voluntary redundancy did not go over with good cause attributable to the work unit or its unit to the agent.

The burden of proof is on the employee, not the employer. In accordance with Massachusetts General Law c. 25 (1) (1) disqualification for unemployment assistance. A person will not be disqualified from unemployment benefits if he or she voluntarily quits if he or she succeeds; for such harassment.

According to Massachusetts General Law, sexual harassment is defined as; sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, or other verbal or physical behavior of a sexual nature when; the submission or refusal of such promotion, request or conduct expressly or implicitly expresses either the condition of employment or as a basis for employment decisions. Also, if such advances or behaviors have the purpose or effect of unreasonably interfering with an individual's work performance, and ultimately, such advances, demands or behaviors result in the creation of a frightening, hostile, degrading or sexually abusive work environment.

A person will also not be disqualified for voluntary dismissal if he or she determines to the satisfaction of the commissioner that the reason for leaving the job was due to domestic violence including; reasonable fear of the individual from future domestic violence on or on the way to or from the place of employment of individuals, individuals must move to another geographical area to avoid future domestic violence, individuals must address the physical, psychological and legal effects of domestic violence, individuals must to leave employment as a condition of receiving services or shelter from an agency providing support or shelter to victims of domestic violence and, lastly, any other respect in which domestic violence by an individual rightly believes in termination of employment is necessary for the future security of the individual or their family. M.G.L. c. 151 § 25.

If an individual voluntarily leaves their job, unless they prove to the commissioner that he or she gave it because of harassment or domestic violence, they will have a heavy burden of proof to show the commissioner that they are even considered unemployed.

Do you know the origin of basketball?

Do you know the origin of basketball?
The origin of the game of basketball can be traced back to a gentleman named Dr. James James Naismith. Naismith was born in 1861 in Almonte, Ontario, Canada. During his early school days, Naismith would play a game called a duck on a rock, by which the child would try to throw the duck off the top of the rock by throwing another rock.
Later, Naismith would go to McGill University in Montreal and later to become McGill University's athletic director. He then transferred to the YMCA Training School in Springfield, Massachusetts, and in 1891 the game of basketball began.
Given the cold winters in Massachusetts, Naismith needed to find recreational activity that could be played indoors and preferred sports that would develop skill and one that did not rely solely on strength. We played our first game with two baskets with goals for peach and a soccer ball.
Naismith, to his credit, became a physician specialist in sports physiology and a Presbyterian minister. Naismith was able to see his beloved basketball sport, gaining acceptance in numerous countries through the YMCA since 1893. Likewise, the sport of basketball arose at the 1936 Berlin Olympics. As we speak, basketball has become a very popular professional sport.

So you want to know about the Salem Witch Trials – Part Five – how it ended and the bibliography

Note: This is the last part of a five-day series. For those who use this series to write reports, the end of the bibliography refers to all five sections.

How the hysteria of the Salem Witch ended

On October 12, 1692, the Massachusetts General Court held a meeting to decide what to do about the situation. They decided to ban further prisons for witchcraft.

On October 26, 1692, Massachusetts church leaders called for a state fasting day, hoping that God would give them an answer to the witch problem.

Although the charges were still pending, the people charged were released on bail instead of being thrown into already packed prisons. People started to notice mistakes made, and now leaders were trying to figure out how to stop it. They are trapped between a rock and a hard place. They could not very well forgive all the witches and admit that they killed 20 (including Giles Corey) innocent people, but they could not, by good conscience, allow the trials to continue. The questions lasted another 4 months, with 150 defendants sitting in jail. Finally in May, all the accused witches were released and could be released from prison until they were paid prison costs.

After many pleas, in October 1710, the General Court quashed all judgments of those who had a family to seek. Bridget Bishop, Susannah Martin, Alice Parker, Ann Prudeator, Wilmott Redd and Margaret Scott were not dismissed because they did not have a family to petition on their behalf.

On December 17, 1711, the families of executed witches received a sum of £ 578 and 12 shillings to be distributed among the 24 relatives of the accused witches.

The family of John Procter, the most populous of the hanged, gained 150 pounds.
The family of George Jacobs gained 79 pounds.
The family of George Burroughs, the minister who said the perfect "Our Father," gained 50 pounds.
Elizabeth Howe's family, which was quite wealthy, gained 12 pounds.
Sarah Good's husband, William, gained 30 pounds.
Abigail Hobbs weighed in at 10 pounds.

What happened to …

Mrs. Parris died in 1696.

Samuel Parris tried to keep the business in Salem Village, but friends and relatives Rebecca Nurse and Sarah Cloyce managed to get rid of it. He continued on to Stowe, discussing the terms of employment once again. It only lasted a year there. After Mrs. Parris & # 39; death, Samuel married a prosperous woman. He died in 1720.

Some of the "injured" girls, Betty Parris, Elizabeth Booth, Sarah Churchill and Mercy Lewis were all married (Mercy married after giving birth to an illegitimate child).

Nobody knows what about Abigail Williams, Elizabeth Hubbard, Susannah Sheldon and Mary Warren.

Ann Putnam never married. Both of her parents died in 1699, Thomas at age 46, and Ann Sr. at age 37, and Ann stayed to care for her 9 younger siblings. Ann, at 26, wrote an official apology read to the congregation by new minister Joseph Green. In her own words: "I am simply afraid that, instrumentally, with others, though unknown and unconscious, I have taken upon myself and this country the guilt of innocent blood … As I was the main instrument of indicting Goodwife Nurse and her two sisters., I want to lie in dust, and be humble about it. ”Ann grew into a sick woman and died at the age of 37, like her mother.

Author's Note In the research, I read extensively on the subject and found the best sources of information like Marion Starkey, the Devil in Massachusetts. And Satan's Delusion, Frances Hill. In my work, I listed my information in parentheses after each quote, but unfortunately the quotes did not make it through the transition program. I apologize for the inconvenience. Krista Delle Femine

Wealth Book Review: The Kabbalah of Money – Jewish Insights on Giving, Owning and Receiving

By: Rabbi Nilton Bonder (1996)

Posted by Shambhala Publications, Inc., Horticulture Hall, 300 Massachusetts Ave. Boston, Massachusetts 02115

ISBN 1-57062-804-1

Book Price: $ 22.95

The rabbi represents Jewish teachings

Rabbi Nilton Bonder was born in Brazil and was ordained at the Jewish Theological Seminary in New York. He is the author of several books revealing Jewish teaching: Yiddishe Kop; Creative Problem Solving in Jewish Learning; Lore and Humor; Kabbalah of food; and Kabbalah envy.

Rabbi learning about money

Rabbi Nilton Bonder divides the timeless Jewish principles of money into ten chapters. It deals with such topics as the limits of wealth (Ch. 2); wealth increased less (Ch. 5); to live in the material world (Ch. 6); life agents (Ch. 7); obstacles to wealth (Ch. 8); death and wealth: can you bring it with you? And much more!

Strengthening beliefs about money through the Jewish context

Rabbi Nilton Bonder talks to readers in an informal, educational style. He relies heavily on Jewish thinking to inform his readers. This is evident in his introductory words: "Jewish aphorism tells us that a man shows his character in three ways: with his glass (ie, appetite), his pocket (relation to money), and anger."

The insights gained by the rabbi from a perspective enhance and qualify Bonder's presentation. He often affirms rabbinic views, as follows: "The rabbis tell us that … our money is an extension of our reactions and beliefs." & "The rabbis saw poverty as an unparalleled tragedy. In Midrash (Exodus Rabb 31:14) we read," Nothing in the universe is worse than poverty; it is the most terrible of suffering. A person oppressed by poverty is like someone who carries the weight of suffering on the shoulders of the whole world. He clearly communicates with Jewish ideals.

Rabbi Nilton's goal is obviously to motivate readers to accept and act on the rabbinic wisdom seen here: "… it is our duty to create maximum abundance for all without creating shortages. In the language of the rabbinic market, this is an ideal state in which" one party doesn't lose and the other wins. "" Sounds like a win-win!

Bonder is prominent in much of his address to addressing our financial crisis. His answers carry a convincing future, for he says, "Much of our existing wealth cannot be made available to us because of our unwillingness to share."

Jewish concepts free us money

Rabbi Nilton Bonder shares Jewish concepts that release us money, helping readers overcome poverty.

Success Step: List 3 things you believe in for money. May your monetary beliefs nourish Jewish thought.

Ignition interlocks – Pitfalls and problems

Advertised as trustworthy, blood-alcohol-blocking devices are second to none. The ignition interlock device is a cheap breathing apparatus that is connected to the offender's electrical system. Before driving, the blockage user must inhale the device in order to assess its readable BAC (blood alcohol content). If the driver BAC is 0.20 or lower, the device allows the engine to start. However, if the driver's BAC is 0 .21 or higher, the car will not start. Once the car is started, the driver must occasionally inhale the device. If the device registers a BAC that is beyond the preset limit, "non-compliance with a retest" will occur. These valid re-tests are designed to ensure that the driver does not drink while driving and does not have someone to give the initial breath sample.

In Massachusetts, a locking device is required for all those whose license is twice suspended in Massachusetts or any other jurisdiction for drunk driving or certain other alcohol related offenses. In Massachusetts, they have been discussing ignition interlock devices since their inception. These devices have been required for drivers who have renewed their suspended license or heavy license, effective January 1, 2006. Although some claim the blockage is the answer to many DUI issues, many experts point out that the device is defective and that they resulted in false alcohol readings. in a 10-year suspension and a lifetime license.

The ignition interlock is not completely problematic. Like any discussed item, the device has its advantages. For example, by preventing people with high BACs from driving, the device may possibly keep roads safer and less prone to accidents during certain hours where alcohol is the norm. The Motor Vehicle Registry and the Board of Appeal should feel more comfortable handing out licenses for hardship to individuals who have locking devices. Interlock devices should allow multiple offenders to keep their jobs so they can live their lives and support their families. In a perfect world this might be enough, but this world is not perfect and the device is significantly missed.

Massachusetts-based locking devices use fuel cell technology. This is significantly less reliable than the infrared technology used in police inhalers. These devices are not alcoholic and substances other than alcoholic beverages will be registered as alcohol. For example, common substances such as protein bars, cough drops, cinnamon, pastries, perfumes, hairspray, and favorite coffee are registered as alcohol. There are also documented cases where a locking device registered alcohol and the driver immediately went to a hospital or police station for a comparative blood alcohol test. In each case, these tests and / or police observations were completely inconsistent with the faulty ignition interlock device. These are just a few examples of the many problems associated with blocking devices. Other problems include faulty equipment, damaged cables, and rejection of breath samples.

The ignition interlock device is not a reliable device, and it relies on a "guilty until proven innocent" mindset. This is not what this country's legal system should represent. There is no need to rely on a device that can go wrong so easily such as baked goods, protein bars, mouthwashes and alcohol cough drops to revoke someone's license for 10 years or life. The sensor tests the BAC by a breath oxidation reaction, as opposed to the more reliable infrared spectroscopy used in evidence inhalers. Drivers are therefore provided with an auxiliary machine that could potentially mark them as a criminal and destroy their lives. A person should be innocent until proven guilty, but with an unreliable detector, the opposite is true. However, certain individuals seeking disabilities have no choice but to deal with blocking devices.

I hope you are more educated on this now. Before laws evolve, existing laws need to be perfected. No one should ever be charged with a misdemeanor that they did not commit and until such devices are proven to be more accurate, they should not be blindly relied on to revoke their license.

Green light to remove false restraining orders?

Green discharge light? Can counterfeit warrant records 209A be finally dropped in Massachusetts?

Records of 209A orders live a long time and are unrelenting. Even an ex parte order that lasts a full 10 days and is not renewed, creates a record that will prosecute a defendant if another 209A case or bail is ever brought against him, just to name a few. Two recent decisions by Massachusetts courts may have paved the way for some of these records to be lifted. These cases and their consequences are discussed below.

In March 2006, the Massachusetts Court of Appeals ruled on a case that has been dragged on for four years, with the ruling light throwing on a question that falsely indicts 209A defendants for a long time: Does a district court judge have the inherent power to strike a 209A restraining order out of state of the Domestic Violence Registry when the warrant was obtained by fraud in the Court. In short, perhaps surprisingly, but much welcomed: YES. The case was Probation Commissioner v. Adams , 65 Mass Application Ct. 725 (2006).

The case began when the couple (for reference, the court ordering the aliases of Jones and Adamas) acquired mutually degrading orders of 209A against each other, which were later extended to one year. Sometime during that time, after Jones was charged with violating Order 209A and criminal trespassing in two different courts, Adams filed a motion to vacate Order 209A against her and delete all order records. This was followed by a typical game of referee ping-pong. The judge granted the motion to vacate after finding that the 19 statements given by Jones were false but denied the motion to quash. Adams filed a second motion to vacate the now-abandoned 209A warrant, which the Probation Commissioner (the office keeping those records) objected to. The judge granted Adams & # 39; motion for exemption, but the Commissioner petitioned for reconsideration. The judge rejected the Commissioner's request, and the Commissioner appealed, arguing that the judge had no authority to allow the ejection. The commissioner argued that, although the Legislature specifically authorized and directed the development and implementation of a system that records all issues and violations of Massachusetts Order 209A, there is no provision for deletion of data because, according to the commissioner, the purpose of the system was to preserve "complete information about the defendant. "

The Commissioner was right that Law 209A did not contain provisions that would allow even erroneously issued orders to be deleted. While it is no surprise and secret that Statute 209A is a poorly written and overly broad piece of legislation, with the exception of the Legislature, specifically saying no exemption is allowed, this ambiguity left a hole and an opportunity for judges to make good law over bad, for change. This is exactly what the Court of Appeal decided to do by restoring to lower court judges a power that was never explicitly seized in Chapter 209A, but which the judges feared to do under Sections 209A: the power to remedy judicial errors and attempt to "ensure full and effective administration of justice" when is an established fraud in the field. In such cases, the Court of Appeal said, referring to various earlier cases, "the lack of legal authorization is irrelevant", moreover, such power "cannot be restricted or abolished by the legislature."

In this case, abandoning Order 209A against Adam is not enough to protect the integrity of the courts and does not send a proper message to the public. Withdrawal of the order leaves the order record in the system. Not only does this leave a lasting mark on Adams, it also leaves, for eternity, a record of a wrongfully obtained court order. Although labels such as "discarded" or "closed" apply to records in the system, no explanation was given as to why the command was dismissed or the case closed. Many 209A orders were released because the victim was not prosecuted. Law enforcement officials will not be notified that the order was vacated because it was obtained through fraud in court. Instead, they may assume that he was acquitted for missing the victim or prosecuting for insufficient evidence. Continued fraud means the downfall of the court itself when law enforcement officials rely on inaccurate information provided by the court. Just as emptying an order is not a sufficient remedy in these circumstances, sealing the order record is equally inappropriate. When the records are sealed, they do not disappear. Although sealed records become inaccessible to the public, raw data are still available to law enforcement officials (police, probation officers and courts). Law enforcement officials would retain access to information that was inaccurate and misleading and obtained through fraud in court. Thus, sealing it would not repair the defect of the court.

Id. at 731-732 (omit citations).

Bravo? Can we run and request that all 209A discharged orders be dropped now? Not really. First, the court made it clear that only orders obtained through fraud in court were discharged. The court cited this judgment as an example of the type of order that should NOT be exempted Vaccaro v. Vaccaro of the case, in which order 209A was vacant because there was insufficient evidence to extend it, unlike the order originally obtained by fraud. 425 Mass 153 (1997). The court said that in the case of just an abandoned warrant or dismissal for persecution, but where no fraud is found, there is a "value" to law enforcement officers in keeping records of its issuance.

Second, the court set a fairly strict definition of what it considers to be fraud, namely "where it can be shown, clearly and convincingly , that a party has vigorously instituted a malpractice scheme calculated to interfere with the judicial system's ability to decide the case impartially by improperly affecting the trier or unfairly obstructing the presentation or defense of an opposing party. . " Adams , at 729-730 (citations omitted).

Third, the court referred to the time for exclusion of the claim, ruling that Defendants 209A “had an appropriate opportunity for argument (fraud) within 10 days and at extended hearings. "If the judge does not find fraud in court, the defendant will have no basis for a subsequent motion to remove the order record from the system. Nothing in GL c 209A, or, in this view, requires a hearing on the defendant's motion for exemption. Furthermore, clear and convincing. the evidence required to prove fraud in a judicial finding will necessarily limit the number of cases in which an exemption could be considered as an appropriate remedy. " Id. at 736-737.

Away from the open ship, Adams The case seems to offer an ever so light door slam to release certain 209A warrants when substantiated by strong evidence of fraud and brought at the right time.

Less than six months after the Court of Appeal ruled Adams , much closer to the day-to-day reality of Order 209A, Judge Gregory Flynn in Waltham District Court made a decision applying the new standards in Adams . The case was Chamberlain v. Khanlian , Docket Waltham District Court Number 0651-RO-99. Here, the plaintiff did not appear at the 10-day hearing and Order 209A against the defendant expired that day. 11 days later, the respondent filed a motion to quash the record alleging fraud on behalf of the plaintiff. Defendant filed his motion with several statements of fact in support of the fraud. The plaintiff did not appear at the hearing on the motion to strike out, but the Probation Commissioner appeared and opposed the exemption in this case, though this time he argued that his sole purpose in opposing the motion was to ensure that the standards were set outside Adams follow.

"In light of the allegations in the relevant submissions, the factual support provided by the accompanying statements, that the applicant had not made clear the allegations of fraud, the court was clearly satisfied that the original restraining order was granted only after a false set of facts presented to the Court," he wrote Judge Flynn. "Therefore, in accordance with the standards laid down in Probation Commissioner v. Adams , the motion for release was allowed. "

This is a case of the "unpublished" District Court, and from its brief decision, Judge Flynn's reasoning or reasoning can no longer be avenged. It is interesting to note, however, that the time standards seem to be set Adams it was not compiled here by the Court of Appeal. In Adams , The Court of Appeal noted that the defendant was the only opportunity to bring fraud charges at a 10-day hearing or any further extended hearings. A ten-day hearing came and passed without a motion to say goodbye. Still, Judge Flynn still allowed the exemption when the motion was filed 11 days later. It is also interesting to note that in the two cases mentioned above, both defendants were women, and both had career reasons motivated by the exemption: one was a lawyer and the other was a licensed physician.

Will see other judges Adams as Judge Flynn did, and whether dozens of falsely accused men in Massachusetts will be able to get relief after this turn of the law – only time will tell.

Provider Review – MassMutual Annuities

MassMutual was originally founded in 1851 by George W. Rice. Rice was a Connecticut life insurance agent looking to open a similar business in Massachusetts. He founded Mutual Life Insurance from Massachusetts, which soon after became a true mutual company – a company owned by its policyholders.

Today, the company is headquartered in Springfield, Massachusetts and Enfield, Connecticut, and has grown from a personal insurer to an international financial services firm. It has around thirteen million clients worldwide and over $ 500 billion in assets under its management. In addition to operating in the United States, MassMutual has branches in Hong Kong, Japan, Taiwan, China, Macau, Argentina, Chile, Bermuda and Luxembourg. The company has over 1200 offices and the full marketing name of the company is MassMutual Financial Group.

MassMutual is still run for the benefit of its members and policyholders. In addition to their rents, they provide life insurance, disability insurance, long-term care insurance, retirement / 401 (k) plan services, mutual funds, money management and trust services.

Although dividends are not guaranteed, MassMutual is proud of its financial strength and has paid dividends to policyholders every year since the 1860s. The company is also known for its charitable giving in the areas where they have their headquarters. They often contribute to programs that benefit education, the arts, culture or economic development in the local community.

In terms of annuities, MassMutual offers five different products – two delayed variable annuities, one delayed fixed annuity and one immediate annuity. The individual products are as follows:

Deferred variable annuities:

o Select MassMutual Transitions

about MassMutual Evolution

Deferred fixed annuities:

o MassMutual Odyssey and Odyssey Plus

Direct fixed annuities:

o MassMutual RetireEase

Some of MassMutual's annuity policies can be triggered with death and lifetime benefits. The death benefit option means that the beneficiary will receive all money into the account or a guaranteed minimum amount after the death of the renate. Additional death benefits are also available, which can allow higher payments to the user. Life benefits include guaranteed minimum benefit collection, benefits for benefits and withdrawals.

As with most insurers, MassMutual associates additional fees associated with its annuity products. These include administration and management fees. There may also be a mortality risk benefit and a cost risk expense, often known as an "M&E" benefit. In addition, surrender costs may apply if the annuity is terminated early or part of the annuity is withdrawn.

When considering an annuity company, it is important to understand the financial strength of the organization. One of the best ways to achieve this is to review a company’s financial ratings. Independent Ratings gave MassMutual some of the highest ratings in the industry. Below are the current ratings (as of July 2009) for MassMutual.

А.М. Best Company: (Superior, 1st of 15 categories)

Fitch Ratings: (Extremely Powerful, 1st of 21 Categories)

Moody's: (Excellent, 2nd out of 21 categories)

Standard & Poors: (Extremely Powerful, 1st of 21 categories)

Some facts about drug rehab centers and their treatment programs

Choosing a drug rehab center can make all the difference to a successful recovery. Suppose a person suffers from any type of addiction and wants to be rehabilitated, then nearly half of the recovery time can be resolved by choosing the right rehabilitation center and treatment program. If you are looking for an appropriate drug treatment center, it is always better to spend them on finding the best one in your country. The choice of a treatment center for alcohol as well as drug rehabilitation should always be agreed in order to successfully recover from its tasks. There are more than enough Massachusetts drug rehab centers offering several treatment programs according to the type of addiction as well as the condition of the patients. Treatment programs at these centers are always different from drug addicts. This treatment center offers treatment programs that cover all aspects of addiction that are mental and physical. Thus, it can be clearly seen that if one chooses the wrong rehabilitation program, the chances of successful recovery are always diminished. This article provides some useful information about a drug rehab center to help you treat your medication effectively.

Before enrolling at any Massachusetts drug rehab center, let me confirm that the duration of a treatment program can take more than a month. So you need to keep your patience while getting effective drug treatment at these centers. Once patients are admitted to these rehab centers, the first and basic thing the centers offer is a detox program. In this program, with the help of various drugs, almost all the fatal and toxic materials found in the body of addicts are eliminated. Usually, the length of this detox program is one week and with the help of this procedure they prepare addicts for another rehabilitation program. It has been observed that most people are ready to leave the treatment center as they cannot tolerate withdrawal symptoms during this process. Therefore, it is always recommended that this detox be carried out by a qualified medical professional who is sufficiently trained to handle any situation during this treatment period. Upon completion of the detoxification process, this center offers an inpatient and outpatient treatment program that depends on the patient's condition.

Although detoxification is effective in ensuring the physical recovery of patients, it is also necessary to provide psychological recovery for effective rehabilitation. For more effective and better treatment, most centers offer inpatient hospital treatment for those suffering from severe addiction. But in the second case for outpatient services, they often have to visit the treatment center to get proper medication and treatment. There is a high chance that recovery in hospital treatment programs is undisturbed and rapid compared to an outpatient program, as patients are constantly seen under medical care during hospital treatment programs.

So in order to achieve effective drug rehab treatment always keep in mind the aforementioned thing.

14 PharmCAS Pharmacy Schools not requiring PCAT for 2010 and tips for accepting eligibility

The PCAT is a college admissions test used by most pharmacy schools as one of the admission criteria. Fortunately, not all pharmaceutical schools need PCAT. In fact, there are many students every year who do not have to study or pay for a PCAT and only apply to schools that do not need it. For these Pharm.D. programs that do not require PCAT, other factors such as grade point average (GPA), work experience (optional but strengthens your application), interview performance, letter of recommendation, EC and other factors (which I talk about in my other article) determine your eligibility for acceptance.

Pharmacy schools in the US that do not require PCAT:

1. California Northstate
2. University of California – San Diego
3. University of California – San Francisco
4. Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences – MA Boston
5. Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences – Manchester NH
6. Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences – Worcester MA
7. Oregon State University
8. University of the Pacific
9. Pacific University of Oregon
10. University of Southern California
11. Purdue University
12. Touro University – California
13. Washington State University
14. Western University
(Currently, not all California pharmaceutical schools require PCAT).

Some application tips:

-Learn if the schools you are applying to are in a permanent admission system. If so, it is imperative that you apply in the application as soon as possible, as this will increase your chances of getting an interview and in turn, a nice envelope with your acceptance.

-Prepare yourself for the interview by going over the previous interview questions. These can be found in the Student Doctor interview feedback section. I also listed the most common online pharmacy school questions in another article. During the preparation, do not make your answers sound convincing, but natural and well thought out.

-Good work experience at the pharmacy. Although not mandatory, what better way to show the admissions committee that you are serious about this career path than working in a pharmacy. You might want to consider a pharmacy technician license to have more pharmacy responsibilities. You can continue to volunteer or work as a pharmacy clerk in most states without permission.

-If you are an international student, you might want to check if the school requires TOEFL by checking the required test table on the PharmCAS website.